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Update:October 15, 2018

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Investigation of the Joint Strength of Wood-Based Panel Materials Used in Medium-Rise Large-Scale Wooden Buildings


Article title

Single shear properties and deformation behavior of nailed joints using various structural panel materials

Author (affiliation)

Keita Ogawa (a), Masaki Harada (a), Tatsuya Shibusawa (a), Kohta Miyamoto (a)

(a) Department of Wood Engineering, FFPRI, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
(b) Department of Wood-Based Materials, FFPRI, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Publication Journal

Mokuzai Gakkaishi, 64(4):139-148, July 2018, DOI:10.2488/jwrs.64.139( External link )

Content introduction

In recent years, the development of materials with superior strength performance has been a priority because of increased expectations of builders of medium-rise large-scale wooden buildings. During the development of assembling components such as box beams, which combine panel and axial materials (flanges, stiffeners, etc.), that may be used in such construction, it is necessary to determine shear properties(Note1) of the joints between panel and axial materials. Such joints are generally made using nails. Therefore, we sought to determine the shear property of nailed joints by simulating their use in assembling components of medium-rise large-scale wooden buildings.

The shear properties of test pieces in which a panel material (four types of structural plywood, a type of medium-density fiberboard, or a type of particle board) and an axial material (cedar or larch timbers) were joined by CN75 nails(Note2) were investigated to determine the relationship between strength performance and the panel material. For example, joints using larch plywood or particle board exhibited higher strength than those using other panel materials. In addition, joint deformation upon force application was assessed and showed that CN75 nails are unlikely to cause reduction in the yield strength because of nail withdrawal, which is not the case with CN50 nails that are frequently used in general construction, such as houses.

These findings will contribute to the development of components with superior strength performance, which will lead to the promotion of construction of wooden medium-rise and large-scale buildings.


 (Note1) Load-bearing performance against a load that causes slippage between two joined materials.

 (Note2) One of the “common nails (thick iron-wire nails)” standardized by Japanese Industrial Standards (diameter and shank length of 3.76 and 76.2 mm, respectively). CN75 nails are thicker and longer than CN50 nails (diameter and shank length of 2.87 and 50.8 mm, respectively) that are used for joining the panel material to axial material during general construction, such as houses.


Fig. 1.An example of assembling components combining the panel 
Fig.1. An example of assembling components combining the panel with axial materials (box beam)
Nails are used for attaching the panel material to the axial material (framework) in this component, which is expected to exhibit high strength performance.


Fig. 2. An experiment investigating shear properties of the nail

Fig.2. An experiment investigating shear properties of the nailed joints
A load is applied downward from the top of the axial material to induce slippage between the panel and axial materials.


Fig. 3. An example of the relationship between load and slippage

Fig.3. An example of the relationship between load and slippage (cedar was used as the axial material)
The graph shows an increase in the slippage of nailed joints by increased load. The load-slip relationship differs depending on the type of panel material.