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Objectives and goals

What is REDD-plus?

Carbon dioxide emissions from deforestation and forest degradation account for about 20% of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries is a pressing issue to be addressed. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) is an effort to address the climate change issues. The Copenhagen Accord agreed at the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) urged the need of establishing a REDD-plus framework to include forest conservation, sustainable forest management, and enhancement of carbon stocks.

Role of Japan and Forestry & Forest Products Research Institute

Japan, as one of the largest consumers and importers of tropical timber from developing countries, is encouraged to play an active role in mitigating climate change. The development of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and its efforts to reduce emissions and to enhance forest carbon stocks through REDD-plus will contribute to facilitate the global efforts in global climate mitigation, conservation of forests and biodiversity, and development of economies in developing countries.

Under these circumstances, the REDD Research and Development Center was established in the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute to develop technologies required to implement REDD-plus and to support private sector activities based on the global trend and analysis on REDD-plus.

Challenges to be addressed

Many technical and political challenges still remain unsolved to implement the REDD-plus activities. Establishing a credible measurement, reporting and verification (MRV), which will serve as the basis for calculation of GHG emissions, is indispensable. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) urges developed countries to promote capacity building for REDD-plus activities. However, due to a shortage of specialists who support REDD-plus activities, REDD-plus framework has yet to be fully developed. In order to find a way out of this situation, the REDD Research and Development Center carries out various research through industry-academia-government collaboration, trains specialists, and supports private sector activities.

Activities of the REDD Research and Development Center include:

- collecting information and data related to REDD-plus to compile them for clarifying challenges to be addressed by nations,

- developing analysis techniques and methodologies using remote sensing to monitor deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries and improving the system for assessing trends and dynamics of deforestation and forest degradation,

- developing methodologies for implementing the REDD-plus activities, proposing guidelines, and establishing a system to implement the REDD-plus activities, and

- promoting cooperation with governments or institutes in REDD-plus partner countries, and organizing international workshops to exchange and share information about REDD-plus and explore feasible ideas for effective implementation of REDD-plus.

The Center also organizes public seminars for the private sector and the public to facilitate their participation in the REDD-plus activities and disseminates the Center's REDD-plus activities at the sessions of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and at every available opportunity. The Center also established a help desk to answer inquiries and to provide advice related to REDD-plus.