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The REDD Research and Development Center is working on strengthening the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) system of monitoring greenhouse gas emissions and developing the technologies required to establish reference levels of emissions, while also engaging in research to propose effective policy and measures to reduce deforestation and forest degradation by examining the drivers and factors of land use change through socioeconomic methodologies. Based on these research findings, the Center will further propose a system for developing an international framework for REDD

Forest Monitoring using Satellite Imagery analysis

Forest monitoring technology using remote sensing plays a significant role in monitoring forest change and establishing reference emission levels based on historical data. The Center is working on developing methodologies to assess forest cover change and estimate reference levels that are flexible in allowing and accounting for variability in methodologies and regional conditions using a combination of remote sensing and ground-based measurement technologies.

Assessment of Carbon Stocks through a Ground-Based Inventory

The Center clarifies the types of secondary vegetation established through forest exploitation and forestry activities. Using a combination of remote sensing and ground-based measurement technologies, we will devise methodologies for estimating the ecosystem carbon stock on important vegetation and changes of carbon stock in the process of deforestation, forest degradation, and regrowth.

Clarification of the Process of Deforestation and Forest Degradation from the Socioeconomic Perspective

The Center works to clarify effective policies and measures to reduce deforestation and forest degradation by analyzing the process of deforestation and forest degradation from a socioeconomic aspect and clarifying the points for attention, such as safeguards, by assessing the socioeconomic risks possibly caused by REDD-plus activities.

Developing Guidelines and Methodologies

There is ongoing debate regarding the system to issue tradable credits, which are granted by calculating carbon emissions from forests on a national or sub-national level as one of the methods to incentivize REDD-plus activities under the Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Meanwhile, voluntary efforts to grant credits to participants in REDD-plus activities, based on the guidelines and methodologies for voluntary schemes, are already underway in developing countries.
Amid the ongoing global situation, the REDD Research and Development Center will work to facilitate REDD-plus activities performed by participants of REDD-plus activities and contribute to establishing an international mechanism by developing guidelines and methodologies for accounting and crediting in order to ensure that the REDD-plus mechanism helps reduce greenhouse gases fairly and transparently.