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International Seminar: REDD+ Implementation and Sustainable Forest Management

Background

REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, sustainable management of forest, conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks) is considered a promising global contribution for countering climate change and has been discussed to develop the international framework at the Conference of the Parties (COP) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). At COP19 held in Warsaw 2013, the "Warsaw Framework for REDD plus", which consist of 7 decisions covering technical guidance, finance, and institutional arrangement. It is a big step toward the development of the result-based payment scheme of REDD+. Many countries are currently engaged in REDD+ readiness activities: defining national strategies, developing national forest monitoring systems, carrying out stakeholders' consultations, etc., through multilateral initiatives, bilateral cooperation (including south-south), and domestic efforts.

Gap to be addressed: While enhancing capacities and raising awareness are essential to create enabling conditions for implementing REDD+, countries also have to prepare for taking actions on the ground to lead the implementation of the defined policies and measures to attain their targeted results and outcomes to contribute to tackling climate change through forest activities, in particular, through mitigation actions, without forgetting other challenges such as the importance of adaptation to climate change. However, it became clear that the implementation of the REDD+ activities is challenging, as forests, in most cases, are homes to human communities or exposed to high pressure from various factors such as agriculture expansion for food security and producing cash crops. Thus, sustainable practices have to be promoted on the ground to guarantee forest preservation and enhancement as well as sustainable livelihoods. There is a point where SFM can play an important role.

Time to take action: Many countries are exactly on the way to move up to the next phase of REDD+, where demonstration activities will be implemented while preparing for full implementation of REDD+. It is time for policies and measures to be tested and refined. Learning from and internalizing experiences and knowledge from decades of projects aiming at promoting sustainable forest management will be a key to achieve REDD+ goals on the ground, as well as to avoid past failures. Although REDD+ projects at local level are carried out in many countries and many useful insights and experiences are acquired from these projects, development of nation-wide REDD+ programmes are still underway. REDD+ programmes at national level will be developed, implemented and linked to national report and REDD+ compliance requirements. Policies, measures, and best practices are important elements to be added in these strategies. Furthermore, it is important to ensure that implementation of forest related activities on the ground at local and sub-national levels will play a key role at the demonstration phase and at the later phase, within national broader framework.

Why SFM: At the United Nations Conference of Development and Environment (the Earth Summit), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the concept of Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) was proposed as a comprehensive goal of the forest sector at international, national, and local level. Since then, many efforts have been made all over the world to realize the concept. SFM is "a dynamic and evolving concept aims to maintain and enhance the economic, social and environmental value of all types of forests, for the benefit of present and future generations" [UNFF, 2007]. While, in the context of climate change mitigation, SFM could provide a ?exible, robust, credible and well-tested framework for simultaneously reducing carbon emissions, sequestering carbon, and enhancing adaptation to climate change [CPF, 2008]. At the same time, it can help supply many other social and environmental services of forests. Sharing information and experiences of the successes and failures in the past decades in SFM projects and wider activities is urgent for engaging in well informed and successful REDD+ implementation. In short, forests 'saved' by REDD, or reforested, restored, or afforested will still need to be well managed.

REDD+ and SFM in a broader landscape context: In addition, it is also important to recall that as most of the underlying causes of deforestation such as agricultural expansion, mining, and electric power developments are generated other than the forest sector, it would be unrealistic to leave the forest sector alone holding the bag for addressing the challenges. Therefore, it is important to revisit the concept of SFM from a wider view and develop its measures in the context of REDD+.

Objectives of our international seminar

The main objective of our international seminar is to review and discuss the latest SFM approaches and activities at all scales and forest types, exploring the linkages and synergies with REDD+, with the aim of turning SFM into a mean and an opportunity for REDD+, specifically through:

  • Facilitating the exchange of experiences, tools, and inspiring cases of SFM implementation that can contribute to five REDD+ activities: reducing deforestation, reducing forest degradation, sustainable management of forests, conservation, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
  • Discussing about challenges for addressing different scales of implementation and exploring challenges caused by scaling-up from projects/demonstration activities to national scales.
  • Facilitating reflections about the role of SFM in the context of REDD+ demonstration projects and full implementation.

Time and Date

February 6th - 7th, 2014

Day 1 9:30 - 17:30

Day 2 9:30 - 17:30

Venue

U Thant International Conference Hall of the UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY, Tokyo

Access

Language

Japanese and English (simultaneous translation)

Program & Presentation Materials

Day 1 Feb. 6 (Thursday)

Time Speaker Organizasion Title Proceedings
Opening session
9:30 Opening
9:30 - 10:00 Dr. Kazuo Suzuki President of FFPRI Proceedings [PDF:0.08MB]
Dr. Kazuhiko Takeuchi Senior Vice-President, United Nations University
Mr. Akihito Miyahara Deputy Director General, Forestry Agency, Japan
Mr. Eduardo Mansur Director, Forest Assessment, Management and Conservation Division, FAO REDD+ Implementation and Sustainable Forest Management [PDF: 1.29MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.4MB]
Session 1 : Sharing information on international negotiations
10:00 - 10:20 Ms. Jenny Wong UNFCCC Secretariat Update on the international negotiations on REDD-plus under the UNFCCC -key outcomes from Warsaw [PDF: 81.3KB] Proceedings [PDF:0.75MB]
10:20 - 10:40 Coffee break
Session 2 : SFM in the context of REDD+ implementation
Chaired by Dr. Mitsuo Matsumoto, FFPRI
10:40 - 12:30 Dr. Patrick Durst FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific SFM and REDD+:Two discourses - one ultimate goal [PDF: 2.12MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.68MB]
Dr. Ian Thompson Natural Resources Canada,Canadian Forest Service / IUFRO-GFEP Sustainable forest management in the context of REDD+ [PDF: 2.16MB] Proceedings [PDF:1.2MB]
Dr. Makoto Inoue The University of Tokyo Dramas of the CPRs:logical development to take lessons for REDD+ implementation [PDF: 3.07MB] Proceedings [PDF:1.3MB]
Q/A session Proceedings [PDF:0.01MB]
12:30 - 13:30 Lunch break
Session 3 : Multipurpose of SFM and REDD+ activities: Importance of data/information collection to support them
Chaired by Mr. Hiroki Miyazono, JICA
13:30 - 15:20 Dr. Maria Jose Sanz-Sanchez UN-REDD Programme,FAO National forest monitoring systems in the context of REDD+, importance of data collection [PDF: 3.88MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.5MB]
Dr. Yasumasa Hirata FFPRI For the sake of the establishment of reliable forest carbon monitoring system [PDF: 8.85MB]
Dr. Carmenza Robledo Ecoexistence - Robledo Abad Althaus sCreen - Fast track estimation of carbon benefits from forestry activities [PDF: 8.85MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.5MB]
Q/A session Proceedings [PDF:0.01MB]
15:20 - 15:50 Coffee break
Session 4 : Experiences from SFM while promoting REDD+
Chaired by Dr. Henry Scheyvens, IGES
15:50 - 17:10 Prof. N.H. Ravindranath Centre for Sustainable Technologies,Indian Institute of Science REDD+ and SFM; Status, Opportunities and Challenges in India [PDF: 453KB] Proceedings [PDF:0.7MB]
Mr. Deuteronomy Kasaro REDD+ Coordination Unit,Ministry of Lands,Natural Resources and Environmental Protection,Republic of Zambia Linking REDD+ with SFM: The REDD+ Readiness Process in Zambia [PDF: 3.08MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.9MB]
Q/A session Proceedings [PDF:0.08MB]
Closing Session
17:10 - 17:30 Dr. Mitsuo Matsumoto FFPRI Summary of Day 1 [PDF: 52.0KB]
17:30 Closing
18:00 - 20:00 Post-seminar gathering

Day 2 Feb. 7 (Friday)

Time Speaker Organizasion Title Proceedings
Opening Session
9:30 Opening
9:30 - 10:00 Dr. Mitsuo Matsumoto FFPRI Introduction [PDF: 54.5KB]
Session 1 : Lessons from REDD+ readiness and demonstration project implementations and linkages with SFM
Chaired by Dr. Ma Hwan-ok, ITTO
9:50 - 11:00 Dr. Yetti Rusli Senior Advisor,Ministry of Forestry,Republic of Indonesia Future Perspective of REDD+ Implementation and the National Forest Policy in Indonesia [PDF: 5.66MB] Proceedings [PDF:1.2MB]
Q/A session Proceedings [PDF:0.08MB]
11:00 - 11:20 Coffee break
Session 2 : Moving from local experiences to national implementation. SFM at different scales. Carbon accounting and registering
Chaired by Dr. Maria Jose Sanz-Sanchez,UN-REDD Programme, FAO
11:20 - 12:40 Dr. Mitsuo Matsumoto FFPRI Development of REDD+ Guidelines for JCM [PDF: 965KB]
Ms. Naomi Swickard Verified Carbon Standard VCS Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+: Advancements and Opportunities [PDF: 1.66MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.8MB]
Ms. Donna Lee Independent Consultant Scaling Up: Challenges of Large-Scale REDD+ [PDF: 360KB] Proceedings [PDF:0.3MB]
Q/A session Proceedings [PDF:0.08MB]
12:40 - 14:00 Lunch break
Session 3 : Thinking from broader perspective : Landscape approach
Chaired by Mr. Satoshi Akahori, Forestry Agency
14:00 - 15:00 Ms. Donna Lee Independent Consultant REDD+ and Sustainable Landscapes: Policy and Practice [PDF: 1.13MB] Proceedings [PDF:0.3MB]
Dr. Louis V. Verchot CIFOR REDD+ in landscapes: drivers of deforestation, institutions and jurisdictions [PDF: 2.86MB] Proceedings [PDF:1.1MB]
Q/A session Proceedings [PDF:0.1MB]
15:00 - 15:30 Coffee break
Panel Discussion : The role of SFM in REDD+ implementation: Enabling environments, opportunities, and synergies.
Moderator: Mr. Eduardo Mansur, FAO
15:30 - 17:00 Panelists:
  • Dr. Ian Thompson
  • Dr. Yasumasa Hirata
  • Dr. Carmenza Robledo
  • Mr. Deuteronomy Kasaro
  • Dr. Ir.Yusurum Jagau
  • Ms. Naomi Swickard
  • Dr. Louis V. Verchot
Proceedings [PDF:0.25MB]
Closing Session
17:00 - 17:30 Dr. Mitsuo Matsumoto FFPRI Conclusion of the seminar [PDF: 0.18MB]
17:30 Closing

Organizers:

Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Co-organizers:

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), and United Nations University (UNU)

Under the auspices of:

The government of Japan (Forestry Agency , Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, and Ministry of Environment)